programas cribado cancer

Nota bibliográfica cribado c mamal 2014-10

Vidal C, Garcia M, Benito L, Milà N, Binefa G, Moreno V. Use of Text-Message Reminders to Improve Participation in a Population-Based Breast Cancer Screening Program. J Med Syst. New York; 2014;38(9):1–118. Available from: doi:

To analyze the effect of a cell text message reminder service on participation in a mammogram screening program in Catalonia, Spain. A quasi-experimental design was used with women aged 50 to 69 years who had been scheduled mammogram appointments in June or July 2011. Women were personally invited by letter to attend to the breast cancer screening program (n=12,786). Prior to the invitation, 3,719 (29.1 %) of them had provided their cell telephone number to the National Health Service. These women received a text message reminder 3 days before their scheduled appointment. Logistic regression models were used to analyze whether the text message reminder was associated with participation in screening. Cost-effectiveness of adding a text message reminder to the invitation letter was also analyzed. The overall rate of participation in breast cancer screening was 68.4 %. The participation rate was significantly higher in the text messaging group, with an age-adjusted OR of 1.56 (95 %CI: 1.43-1.70). A detailed analysis showed that the increase in participation related to the text message reminder was higher among women without previous screening who lived in areas where access to postal mail was limited (OR=2.85; 95 %CI: 2.31-3.53) compared to those who lived in areas of easier postal mail access (OR=1.66; 95 %CI: 1.36-2.02). The invitation letter+text message reminder was a cost-effective strategy. Text message reminders are an efficient cost-effective approach to improve participation in difficult-to-reach populations, such as rural areas and newly developed suburbs.

Tupper R, Holm K. Screening Mammography and Breast Cancer Reduction: Examining the Evidence. J Nurse Pract. 2014;10(9):721–8. Available from: doi:

Better treatment and awareness may explain much of the decline in breast cancer deaths in recent years, not mammography. For women without a family history of breast cancer, the risks of screening mammography may outweigh the benefits, particularly for women younger than age 50. Mammography carries the risk of overdiagnosis of tumors that would not have caused death. Nurse practitioners are advised to educate their patients on mammography risks and benefits while increasing their emphasis on the clinical symptoms of breast cancer and ways to reduce risk, including weight control, decreased alcohol use, and decreased use of menopausal estrogen
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